Sun Damage and Pigmentation

WHAT IS HYPERPIGMENTATION?

A darkened area of the skin caused by the over production of melanin from sun damage, post acne healing or hormonal/internal concerns. 

WHAT IS MELANIN IN RELATION TO SUN-DAMAGE?

Melanin is pigment found in layers of the skin, giving skin its color and is produced by melanocytes.  Sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin as your skin works to protect itself from the damaging effects of the sun, which is why your skin becomes darker after sun exposure.

Sun exposure can also cause a permanent stretching (dilation) of small blood vessels, leaving skin with a mottled, reddish appearance.

WHAT IS SUN DAMAGE?

Also known as age spots, solar lentigines are flat spots of increased pigmentation, usually brown, black or gray. They vary in size and can be found on the face, hands, upperback and areas most exposed to the sun. Solar lentigines increase with repeated sun exposure and age. They can develop in large numbers and are different from freckles, which are red or light brown, smaller in size, tend to develop earlier in life, and can lighten in winter months.

Lentigo maligna is a type of pigmentation growth that starts as a dark flat spot that slowly darkens, enlarges and develops in areas of long-term sun exposure, such as face, hands and legs. Eventually the spots can develop into a melanoma, a type of skin cancer that begins in the top layer of skin and then invades the underlying skin tissues.

The sun’s ultraviolet rays  breakdown the collagen, elastin and connective tissue deep inside the skin. This causes the skin to loose it’s strength, resulting in sagging, creases and loose skin.

*Pay close attention and have spots/moles/freckles checked by a dermatologist regularly, especially if they change shape, color or become inflamed.*

WHAT IS POST HYPER PIGMENTATION?

Pigmentation left from acne, cuts, scrapes or minor injury to the skin due to tissue inflammation and can be treated similarly. 

ARE THERE WAYS LIGHTEN AND ELIMINATE HYPER PIGMENTATION AND SUN-DAMAGE?

A daily SPF routine is the first step in eliminating pigmentation concerns, as this begins protecting skin from further damage, along with a tailored treatment plan and homecare routine for your targeted concerns. A non-invasive treatment plan will begin with a nourishing and lightly exfoliating home routine, along with tailored series of treatments that may include a combination of GUA SHA facials, lymphatic drainage facials, LED light, dermaplanning and botanically based enzyme exfoliators and herbal extracts. This combination of treatments works by assisting micro-circulation, lymphatic drainage and the bodies natural metabolic processes to breakdown and remove metabolic waste, including dispersed melanin.  A tad more invasive of a treatment, a microneedling series will help to diminish hyperpigmenation but still yields best results with a holistic and nourishing home care routine. 

Take a peek at Your daily SPF to learn more about protecting your skin from daily UV rays and feel free to contact me here for further questions. 

Jen | Mininal Beauty